Blogs of ArcintexETN

After the first individual workshops of each researcher as posted earlier by Marina Castan;through the feedback and reflections of the group, the idea of time line based network was discussed. Some ideas of collaborations starting to emerge within each of the research areas. These collaborations formed after the first workshop series were definitely not a linear process. There are overlaps and branching out at different levels within different researchers. By this process individual projects were informed through the collaborations and vice and versa.

At the same time these collaborations made each one of us look back at our own research practice critically. Borrowing the perspectives of the team members while reflecting upon the workshops, the thoughts organically mingled-up, added-up and so the next iterations were planned.

Bastian Beyer  | Active – Passive – In between

Based on the findings of the first workshop, the aim was to further investigate the relation between two divergent material systems while interacting with each other. During the first setup, two different material groups were arranged to interact with each other (sand as filling material, textile as reinforcing material) through human manipulation. This created a system of active and passive components within the assembly (A unit consisting of components that have been fitted together, oxford dict.) process (human=active agent, sand, textiles = passive).

The aim is to document the relation of these active and passive elements or actors within a manufacturing process through moving image.

Looking into co-authorship on a micro scale within different material categories, these actions can’t be directly observed in their making therefore the workshop proposes an (speculative) abstraction on a different scale. The idea is to observe an active actor (in that case a human body) manipulating a passive material system or “nature” in general.

The filming technique point-of-view shooting seems to provide a suitable way to, on the one hand personify passive materials and on the other hand “objectify” the human manipulator.

As means of documentation common mobile phone cameras can be used in various configurations and modifications.

The collaboration here were done in 2 different episodes-

  1. Parasitic collaboration-

the cameras were installed on the body during the workshop Textile maneuver by Daniel Suarez and Marina Castán. The processes of making and interaction of human (active) – material (passive) or human (active)-human (active) was recorded.

  1. Participative collaboration – Into the wild

during a forest walk the documentation focused on the relation of human (active)- nature (active?)

Daniel Suarez and Marina Castán | Textile Maneuver


The focus of this workshop was to explore how a textile logic can be performed by the body following certain rules inspired by bobbin lace textiles. By the movements of our bodies with a textile ribbon attached to it, a pattern was created in two consecutive phases:

  1. An intuitive pattern by using the trees based on braiding principles.
  1. An intuitive pattern based on weaving principles that was to create an overlap with the previous pattern.

The body-textile maneuvers were captured in real time by a camera placed on top of the tree.

Iva Resetar and Jyoti Kapur | Constructing Microclimates

This workshop intended to increase the range of available thermal experiences and smells within a homogenous climate of the room. Using the textile envelopes, each hanging and enclosing a space around a roof window in a big room, a series of interiors within interiors were created. These constructed microclimates were tempered by the envelopes and the windows above.

The collaboration explored two elements of the individual research, heat and smell through a single medium of the textile envelope. When exploring thermal conditions, the focus was on how the heat was retained and released through the envelope; the focus when exploring the smells were retaining and disseminating the smells over a period of time.

Wax and wood were used in the previous individual workshops and were explored further here. The possibilities were looked at as how to integrate these materials into the double skin of the textile envelope and observe how the material transforms through and generates the heat and smell. The scale of the smells in this way were explored, three different scales at which the smells were predominant. The macro scale became the ambience of the big room, miso scale became the one within the microclimate and the micro scale was the textiles and membranes used to create the envelopes.


As part of our work package 2 collaborative project, each of us run a workshop where others were invited to experience different explorations as a way to introduce our research topic to them. Each of us wrote down a short description of the action he or she would like to conduct. Before the start of the workshop, the leader gave a short explanation proposing different things to do but leaving it up to others for exploring alternative options. The results are a collection of low-prototypes that work as a physical place to think of our own research through other´s perspective. In this sense, we discovered some overlappings that help us to find new possible ways of collaborating together. The workshops were conducted in two days and the topics were as follows:

Bastian Beyer | Reinforced sand morphologies

The group investigated how textile materials can be used to reinforce sand-based structures. The task focused on the direct structural interaction between the two agencies (sand, woven textile) and searched for morphologies where this interaction is the driving force of the form finding (structures which could not be doable with just one of the materials).


Jyoti Kapur | Creating Interactive spaces using wood

How the wood would smell when handled differently. For example by scratching the bark slowly and steadily with a fine blade. Or by cutting through the wood at different angles. By shaving the wood and so on and so forth, or by making use of charred wood to create a space that calls for interaction. The interaction could be something performative or just play for an example.


Marina Castán | Textile transitions: exploring the concept of spatiality through the body

In a series of exercises, we explored how the material properties of the textiles interact with the body in context.  I wanted them to explore the textiles as a medium that creates a transition state. I asked them to focus on the experience of inhabiting the textiles, the relation from the inside to the outside while being inside. Each of the transitions was shaped by the properties of the material in relation to the body movement.

Daniel Suárez | Augmented textile logics

How can a textile logic be augmented? We explored how a section from a given textile pattern made with bobbin lace technique could be scaled up by understanding its logics. Approaching the exercise from a graphical perspective while following a digital diagram.


Iva Resetar | Thermal Boundaries

The aim of the workshop was to develop an understanding of the relationship between the thermal and the physical boundary. We investigated the situations when these boundaries coincide or differ and looked into the thermal contrasts and transitions behind different material configurations using the infra-red camera. Working with melted wax, we made a series of small-scale spatial structures test different encapsulation methods and the transformation of the material through the heat.

Beyond Sustainability

Kasper Guldager Jensen, architect, Senior Partner 3XN architects, Director GXN Innovation, and guest teacher at Chalmers architecture was the first guest lecturer in the program BEYOND SUSTAINABILITY at Chalmers. He talked about Regenerative Architecture,  Circular Future,  Lifecycle Design , Material Passport, Design for Disassembly, … .

“How can buildings do something good?”

“A building is a material bank.”

“Waste doesn´t exist in nature.”

“How to turn taking houses down into a positive business?”

“How to create value from waste?”


As a part of my ongoing research on the value of the body as a means of architectural design, I organised a workshop in collaboration with designer & choreographer Sietske Klooster at the Eindhoven University of Technology. The workshop was the first attempt to discover possible frameworks for a new type of textile architectural design. During the first part of the workshop, we performed a series of individual movements by using the textiles in different ways, to understand and discover what was interesting in terms of spatial perception, both from the insideness and the outsideness. Each of the materials we used, allowed for different connections between the body and the inside in relation to the outside. The spandex lycra fabric revealed how the elasticity of the textile modifies the amount of light that gets through the fabric, giving you the option to personalise the space. I attached some elastic bands to the fabric so that we could wear it and move inside to create a kind of close to the body architectural space. As a more far-field interaction way of experimenting with the materials, we decided to use bamboo sticks as an extension of our arms, to move us inside the scaffolding netting fabric. The action of opening-closing up creates a kind of origami effect, like an envelope shape that shifts from one direction to another. It also gave us an orientational direction feeling once we started to move inside it. The black lines across the fabric together with the bamboo sticks, created that directionality quality on each layer of the fabric that we folded and unfolded. Lastly, we experimented with a lightweight polyester fabric that is especially good for being used as an air filling container. Taking advantage of the air stream while moving ourselves with the fabric attached to our body, we created a volume in motion. It gives you a feeling of being in a fluid space, constantly in movement.For the second part of the workshop, we invited students and researchers from the TU/e to take part in it. After introducing them to the purpose of the workshop, each of them explored individually all the textile materials. Following that, we moved into a group experimentation to perform a series of movements. The result is a series of actions that show the qualities of the relationship between the body, the material, and space, based on how the body interacts with material properties to create architectural expressions.

Participants: Hannah Bosland, Rafaela Blanch, Rys Duindam | Organisers: Sietske Klooster, Oscar Tomico and Marina Castán



FASE 2016 Geometry Summit Paper

Professor Loe Feijs presents the paper we wrote with Ass Prof. Oscar Tomico at the Fabrication and Sculpting Event (FASE) of the 2016 Geometry Summit in Berlin.


(Photos by Mark Thielen)

The project will be presented in this years Dutch Design Week.

Read the paper here:

3F Talks: Functional Films and Fibres

Bit of a late post but better late then never. In April I went to the 3F talks: Functional Films and Fibres. Speakers included James Tarrier from Adidas R&D, Negar Kalantar from TransLAB /US, Karen Deleersnyder from CENTEXBEL, Philipp Huber  Institut für Textiltechnik (ITA) Aachen University and many others

The topics ranged from, the future speed factories in development at Adidas, to 3D printing on top of textiles, to 3D non-wovens and every form of 3D printing and additive manufacturing available. The institute of textile technology in Aachen also presented their 3D knitting, braiding and weaving capabilities and I was even able to have a short tour of their facilities, which were in one word: AMAZING. ITA has very advanced textile testing production and characterization equipment. To mention a few: 3D braiding machines, multi-axial reinforced layer weft knit fabric production, tubular fabrics for stents and spacers, software development and modelling of textile structures a mini carbon fibre plant and many others.

IMG_0463Another interesting development for the ArcInTex ETN are the Adidas speed factories which aim to bring customization of shoes closer to the customer. The first such facility where all the newest production methods, including 3D printing, TPU pellet foam production, body scanning and research into color/aesthetic decoration through material properties, is set to open this year in Germany.

Leonid Ionov from the University of Georgia also presented interesting new research with potential applications in smart textiles. Using polycarpolactone and gelatine films layered on top of each other they were able to produce highly programmable temperature triggered polymer origami structures that self-fold. They are currently developing a bi-layered yarn with similar properties.

In TU Dresden, work is under way on a new Net Shape Nonwoven (NSN) method which has the potential to process short fibres in a range of 0.5 mm to 4 mm into three-dimensional structures of arbitrary geometry. methods to align discontinuous fibres in additive mixtures to increase the strength of “printed” materials. An innovative approach TUD are investigating is to coat the fibres with metallic ions and use a magnetic field during production to orientate the fibres.

New for me was also the concept of continuous liquid interface production  (Clip) with diffusion of oxygen 3D printing technique introduced at the conference by Fraunhofer-Institute fur Lasertechnik ILT. Here a light with specific wavelength is used to activate a photo initiator which jump-starts a polymerization reaction. The reaction proceeds in an oxygen free environment and is stopped at the addition of air. This technique is much faster than conventional 3D printing and it leaves not traces of layers.

Karen Deleersnyder from CENTEXBEL presented their research on 3D printing on textiles.  With applications in garment individualised smart and functional textiles, they are busy expanding the 3D printing materials for better adhesion, better washability, less shrinkage and printing on a larger variety of textile substrates.


A visit in Greenstones

In the plane on my way to Hamburg I met Stephan Wik, who is running an Ecovillage on Fallön, an island on the westcoast of Sweden, about an hour from Gothenburg. He invited me for visiting Greenstones and experiencing a way of conscious living with as little impact on nature as possible. The Ecovillage itself consists of 4 Yurts to live in, a big Yurt for Yoga, Qi Gung and other activities or group meetings, a garden for growing vegetables, a sauna, pool, hot tub and a natural water cleaning system.

The Yurts are produced in the US. As natural materials degrade and mold too fast in Swedens climate, the Yurts cover and insulation is made from synthetic materials, recycled PET and Aluminium. Even in winter there is not much energy needed for keeping the them warm and comfortable. They can stand up to -20°celsius. 

I was totally fascinated by the Yurts Atmosphere … There are no corners, so energy can flow infinite. It is so calm and peaceful even though or just because one is connected to the natural sounds from outside such as wind and rain, singing birds… .

Unfortunately the Interior doesn´t mirror this close connection to nature. The Yurts are fully functional apartments but equipped with usual furnitures. Eco but angular shapes in a circular space … .

After my lecture at Design Ahead I gave a short Workshop on “Edible Spaces”. We worked on architectural sketches with noodles, bacterial cellulose and sweets to explore potentials of edible Architecture and adaptive and responsive structures through material properties and processes of resolving, degrading and being eaten.

3Stories_SvenjaKeune_EdibleArchitecture_DesignAhead_Workshop_1606_DancingMushroom_SvenjaKeune_EdibleArchitecture_DesignAhead_Workshop_1606 IMG_7487EdibleSpaces_DesignAhead_Spiderwaffle

Design Ahead is a new program of lectures and Workshops organized by the Design Department at the University of Applied Sciences in Hamburg. I was invited for a lecture and a short Workshop to inform about future developments in Design.

I very much enjoyed the robotic music with Moritz Simon Geist, learning about neuronal networks with Nikolai Bockholt and was very inspired by Jan Schwochows Infographics.

Bildschirmfoto 2016-06-14 um 16.07.23